Inkcazo ye-cartilage kwaye yintoni unyango lwe-cartilage?

mohamed elsharkawy
Iinkcukacha zajikelele
mohamed elsharkawyIsifundi sobungqina: nancyNgoSeptemba 18, 2023Uhlaziyo lokugqibela: kwiinyanga ezi-9 ezidlulileyo

Inkcazo ye-cartilage

ICartilage luhlobo lwenyama eqinileyo, engqindilili, enwebekayo efumaneka kwiindawo ezininzi zomzimba. I-Cartilage yiyunithi esisiseko yesakhiwo efumaneka kwiindawo ezininzi zomzimba, kwaye inoxanduva lwemisebenzi yayo emininzi. I-Cartilage yenziwe ngendlela ekhethekileyo ye-tissue edibeneyo, eqinile kunye ne-elastic kwaye inokumelana noxinzelelo oluqhubekayo kunye nokukhuhlana. Umbala wayo uluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, i-semi-transparent. ICartilage yenza eyona nxalenye inkulu yesakhiwo somzimba kwaye ifumaneka kwiindawo ezininzi.

ICartilage sisihlunu esithambileyo esifumaneka phakathi kwamathambo. I-meniscus luhlobo lwecartilage, oluqinileyo, intlala enwebekayo ethathwe kusana olungekazalwa. ICartilage yeyona nto ibalulekileyo yokufunxa ukothuka phakathi kwethambo le-shinbone kunye nefemur.ICartilage ikwaxhasa iinkqubo ezininzi zokushukuma komzimba.

I-Cartilage yenza ipateni ye-skeletal connective tissue, kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo ithambile. Ifumaneka kwiindawo ezithile zomzimba, kwaye yenziwe ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo. ICartilage ivala iziphelo zamathambo apho adibana khona namanye amathambo, kwaye inceda ekunciphiseni ukukhuhlana kunye nokufunxa ukothuka phakathi kwamathambo ngexesha lentshukumo.

Yintoni intlala kwaye yintoni umsebenzi wayo?

Yintoni i-cartilage kwaye zithini iimpawu zayo?

I-Cartilage yenye yezona nxalenye ezibalulekileyo zomzimba womntu, njengoko zifumaneka kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zomzimba wethu, njengomqolo kunye nedolo. I-disc eguquguqukayo esebenza njenge-shock cushion ukukhusela amathambo kunye nokunciphisa ukungqubuzana phakathi kwabo ngexesha lokunyakaza. I-Cartilage iqulethe izicubu ezidibeneyo eziqulethe into ebonakalayo ene-elasticity ephezulu yokufunxa ngcono izothuso kunye nokusabalalisa imithwalo.

Nangona indima yayo yokukhusela, i-cartilage idla ukulimala, kwaye ukuphazamiseka kunokubangela iimpawu eziphazamisayo. Enye ingxaki enjalo yi-disc ye-herniated, eyenzeka xa i-cartilage iphuma kwindawo yayo eqhelekileyo kwi-spine or joint. Oku kunokubangelwa zizinto ezinjengokuphatha izinto ezinzima ngendlela engafanelekanga okanye ukwenza intshukumo ngesiquphe.

Iimpawu ze-disc ye-herniated zibonakaliswa yimpawu ezininzi ezihlukeneyo, ezinokuthi zihluke kuxhomekeke kwindawo yokulimala. Kwimeko ye-disc ye-herniated kwingingqi ye-lumbar ye-back back, iimpawu zingabandakanya intlungu eqala esinqeni kwaye idlulele emlenzeni, ukuphazamiseka emilenzeni okanye ezinyaweni, kunye nobuthakathaka bemisipha kubo. Kwimeko ye-disc ye-herniated kwindawo yekholomu yomlomo wesibeleko, inokuhamba kunye nentlungu yentamo kunye neengalo.

Ifumaneka phi intlala emzimbeni womntu?

ICartilage yenye yeendawo ezibalulekileyo zomzimba womntu, njengoko ifumaneka kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo. I-Cartilage ifumaneka phakathi kwamathambo kwiindawo ezininzi zomzimba, idala i-cushion ekhusela iziphelo zamathambo ekudibaneni ngokuthe ngqo. I-Chondrocytes yanda kwaye ikhulile kwiindawo ezithile zezicubu, kwaye ezi ndawo ziyaziwa ngokuba ngamacwecwe okukhula. Enye yeendawo ezibalulekileyo apho i-cartilage ifumaneka khona phakathi kwe-vertebrae yomqolo, apho idlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuxhaseni umqolo kunye nokusabalalisa uxinzelelo kwi-vertebrae.

Ukongezelela, intlala ifumaneka kwamanye amalungu abalulekileyo omzimba. I-Hyaline cartilage luhlobo lwe-cartilage efumaneka kakhulu emzimbeni. I-Hyaline cartilage isetyenziselwa ukwenza i-articular surfaces yamathambo amade afana nethanga, umlenze kunye nengalo. I-Hyaline cartilage ikwafumaneka kwimpumlo, umqala, i-bronchi, kunye neembambo.

Ekugqibeleni, sinokufumana i-fibrocartilage emhlophe kwezinye iindawo zomzimba, ezifana ne-cartilage yamathambo e-pelvic, i-articular discs phakathi kwe-vertebrae, i-collarbones kunye ne-sternum. Le cartilage ixhasa izakhiwo ezibalulekileyo kwaye inceda ukunciphisa ukungqubuzana phakathi kwamathambo ngexesha lokunyakaza.

Ubukho be-cartilage emzimbeni bubonisa ukubaluleka kwayo ekugcineni iindawo ezibalulekileyo kunye nokunciphisa ukuguga kunye nokuxhatshazwa. Ngoko ke, kuyimfuneko ukunyamekela impilo ye-cartilage kwaye ulandele imikhwa enempilo yokugcina amandla ayo, ukuguquguquka, kunye nokusebenza kakuhle emzimbeni.

Yintoni i-cartilage - isihloko

Imile njani intlala?

I-Morphologically, i-cartilage ithatha imilo ekhethekileyo eyahlula kwezinye izicubu emzimbeni. Ifana nekhowuni xa ijongwe ukusuka kwelinye icala, kunye nedayamitha yayo iyancipha ngokuthe ngcembe ukusuka kwisiseko ukuya kwincopho. Xa ijongwa nge-microscope, i-cartilage ibonakala iqulethe iiseli ze-cartilage ezidibeneyo ezizalise izithuba phakathi kwenethiwekhi ye-collagenous fibers.

Ukongezelela, imilo ye-cartilage ibonakaliswe ngamagatsha ayo kunye ne-ramifications, njengoko i-cartilage enamagatsha amaninzi yenziwa kwiiseli ze-cartilage ezidibanisa kunye nokusebenzisana kunye. La masebe afaka isandla ekwandiseni amandla kunye nokuguquguquka kwe-cartilage, enceda ukuba imelane noxinzelelo oluqhubekayo kunye nokukhuhla.

ICartilage ikwanendawo egudileyo kwaye imtyibilizi, nto leyo eyenza ukuba ikwazi ukuhamba lula phakathi kwamalungu. Le milo imtyibilizi isebenza njengokuthamba kweziphelo zamathambo kwaye inika indawo encinci yokunxibelelana phakathi kwamathambo amabini, ukunciphisa ukungqubana kunye nokukhusela ithambo emonakalweni.

Ngokubanzi, imilo ye-cartilage ibonakala ngokumila kwayo kwe-conical, ubukho bamasebe ayo kunye ne-ramifications, kunye nomphezulu wayo ogudileyo kunye nomtyibilizi. Zonke ezi zinto zinegalelo ekomeleleni kunye nokunwebeka kwe-cartilage kwaye yenze ukuba yenze imisebenzi yayo ngokufanelekileyo emzimbeni.

Zeziphi iintlobo zecartilage?

ICartilage ineentlobo ezintathu eziphambili. Uhlobo lokuqala yi-elastic cartilage, egcwalisa amalunga phakathi kwamathambo ahlukeneyo emzimbeni. I-Elastic cartilage idlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuqinisekiseni ukunyakaza okugudileyo kunye nokufunxa ukothuka kumalungu. I-chondrocytes kulolu hlobo lwe-cartilage isondelene kunye, ebangela ukuba i-elasticity yabo.

Uhlobo lwesibini yi-hyaline cartilage, efumaneka kumalungu amakhulu anjengedolo, ingqiniba kunye namagxa. Olu hlobo lwe-cartilage luthambile kwaye lunwebeka, kwaye lubonakala ngokukwazi ukufunxa ukothuka kunye nokunciphisa ukukhuhlana phakathi kwamathambo kumalungu.

Uhlobo lwesithathu yi-fibrous cartilage, efumaneka phakathi kwe-vertebrae kumqolo. Olu hlobo lwe-cartilage lubhekwa njengelona luqinileyo kwaye luhlala luhlala, kwaye lusebenza ukubonelela ngenkxaso kunye nokukhusela umqolo. I-Fibrous cartilage yenziwe ngeentambo ezinamandla ezinceda ukuzinzisa i-vertebrae kunye nokumelana noxinzelelo olubangelwa ukuhamba kunye nobunzima.

Yintoni ebangela i-chondrosis?

I-Cartilage yinto ebalulekileyo yenkxaso yomqolo, ukusabalalisa uxinzelelo kunye nokutshatyalaliswa kokutshatyalaliswa. Nangona kunjalo, i-cartilage ingaba ngumtyibilizi ngenxa yezinto ezininzi. I-Slippage iyenzeka xa i-ring yangaphandle ye-cartilage iba buthathaka okanye ikrazukile, ivumela ukuba inxalenye yangaphakathi ye-cartilage iqhube. I-disc ye-herniated nayo inokubangelwa yimfuza okanye ezinye izinto ezingafanelekanga. Imisebenzi efana nokuphakamisa izisindo okanye ukusebenzisa ngokungafanelekanga kunokubangela i-disc herniation. Ngaphezu koko, eminye imikhwa emibi efana nokuhlala kwizikhundla ezingalunganga ixesha elide kunokukhokelela kuxinzelelo olugqithisileyo kwi-cartilage, ukwandisa amathuba okuba i-slippage.
Ubuthathaka bentamo kunye nemisipha yangemva kwakhona yinto ebalulekileyo ekuveleni kwediski ye-herniated. Xa ezi zihlunu zibuthathaka, amandla abo okuzinza kunye nokuxhasa umqolo wehla, okwandisa ithuba le-disc ye-herniated.
Ngokuqhelekileyo, iimpawu ezinokuthi zibonise i-disc ye-herniated ziquka intlungu eqhubekayo kunye nentlungu ebuhlungu, ubunzima bokunyakaza, ukuvakalelwa okanye ukubetha kwindawo echaphazelekayo, kunye nokulahlekelwa kwamandla kwiindawo ezithintekayo. Kuyafaneleka ukuba uqaphele ukuba imisebenzi yesiqhelo, njengokuphakamisa izinto ezinzima ngeendlela ezingalunganga kunye nokuphindaphindiweyo, okanye ukuhlala ixesha elide kwiindawo ezingalunganga, kunokunyusa amathuba okuba ne-disc ye-herniated.

Yintoni intlala? Funda olona lwazi lubalulekileyo - WebTeb

Yintoni unyango lwe-cartilage?

Unyango lwe-Cartilage luyahluka ngokuxhomekeke kuhlobo kunye nobukhulu bokukrazula. Unyango ludla ngokuqala ngeendlela zolondolozo ezibandakanya unyango lomzimba kunye ne-acupuncture ukuthomalalisa ukudumba. Ezinye iindlela ezifana notyando lwe-arthroscopic spine zingasetyenziselwa ukunyanga i-meniscus. Iindlela zonyango lomzimba zibandakanya umthambo wokuzolula, ukuvuselela imithambo-luvo, kunye nokusebenzisa ii-compresses ezibandayo okanye ezifudumeleyo. Ukuba zonke iindlela zokuqala ziyasilela ukunyanga ukukrazuka, ukhetho lokugqibela lutyando. Iinkqubo zotyando zokutyibilika zingabandakanya ukusika okanye ukususa i-laminectomy. Umntu kufuneka adibane nogqirha wakhe ukuze abone olona nyango lulungileyo lwemeko yakhe.

Ngaba intlala iyafana nejoyinti?

I-cartilage ye-Articular yinxalenye ebalulekileyo yokwakheka ngokubambisana. Nangona kunjalo, ayililo ilungu ngokwalo. I-Cartilage inoxanduva lokukhusela umphezulu we-articular kunye ne-absorption shocks eyenzekayo ngexesha lokuhamba ngokubambisana. I-Cartilage inciphisa ukungqubuzana kunye nokunxiba phakathi kwamathambo ahambayo kwindawo edibeneyo. Ukuba i-cartilage yonakaliswa okanye ikhutshwe ngokuhamba kwexesha, inokukhokelela kwiintlungu ezidibeneyo kwaye inokuhamba kunye nokuvuvukala kunye nobunzima bokuhamba.

Nangona i-cartilage ingenayo nayiphi na i-nerve endings, uphando olwenziwa kwiYunivesithi yaseDuke lubonise ukuba i-cartilage iyakwazi ukuzilungisa. I-Cartilage ifumana inkqubo yokuzihlaziya eyinceda ukuba ibuyele kwaye ibuyele emva komonakalo. Oku kukufumanisa okubalulekileyo kunye nokutshintsha inkolelo yangaphambili malunga nokukwazi kwe-cartilage ukuphilisa.

Uhlobo lwe-cartilage kwi-joint luhluka ngokuhambelana nomsebenzi wokudibanisa kunye nendawo yayo emzimbeni. Kukho iindidi ezahlukeneyo zecartilage, kuquka i-hyaline cartilage, efumaneka edolweni, egxalabeni, nakwamanye amalungu kwaye ibanika amandla okutyibilika kunye nokuhamba kakuhle. Kukho kwakhona i-fibrocartilage, efumaneka kwiindawo ezinqamlekileyo zomlomo wesibeleko, i-thoracic, kunye ne-sacral vertebrae kwaye yongeza ukuzinza kunye namandla kumalungu.

Inkqubo yomonakalo we-cartilage kunye nokuguguleka kungenzeka ngenxa yezinto ezahlukeneyo ezifana nokuguga, isifo samathambo, kunye nokulimala kwezemidlalo. Kuyimfuneko ukunyamekela impilo ye-cartilage kwaye ugweme izinto ezinokukhokelela kumonakalo wayo. Izinto ezibalulekileyo zokugcina intlala esempilweni kukwenza umthambo ofanelekileyo, ukugcina ubunzima obusempilweni, nokutya ukutya okunezondlo ezininzi eziluncedo kwicartilage.

Ngaba intlala iyazakha kwakhona?

Iingcali zibonisa ukuba i-cartilage iyakwazi ukuzakha kwakhona ukuba i-kneecap iba yithambile okanye ilukhuni. Nangona ngaphambili kwakukholelwa ukuba i-cartilage ayinakukwazi ukuhlaziya, uphando olutshanje luye lwabonisa ukuba i-cartilage iyakwazi ukuzilungisa kwaye iphinde ivuselele izicubu zayo. Abaphandi kwiYunivesithi yaseDuke eUnited States baye bafumanisa ukuba kukho inkqubo yokuzihlaziya kwi-cartilage efana nenkqubo yokulungisa ezinye izihlunu emzimbeni. Oku kuthetha ukuba xa kwenzeka ukulimala kwe-cartilage, umzimba unako ukulungisa nokuvuselela i-cartilage ukubuyisela imisebenzi yayo eqhelekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba inkqubo yokuvuselela i-cartilage idinga ukunakekelwa okufanelekileyo kunye nonyango, kwaye kulungele ukubonisana neengcali ezikhethekileyo kule ntsimi ukuze ufumane isikhokelo esiyimfuneko kunye neengcebiso zonyango olufanelekileyo kunye nokuvuselelwa ukuze kubuyiselwe impilo edibeneyo kunye nokugcina. intshukumo yendalo yomzimba.

Ngaba intlala inokujika ibe lithambo?

Abanye banokuzibuza ukuba intlala inokujika ibe lithambo. ICartilage igquma kwaye ikhusela iziphelo zamathambo amade kumalungu, kwaye luhlobo lwe-elastic kunye ne-small connective tissue. Nangona i-cartilage ibhekisela ekubekweni kwezicubu, iyenzeka nakwiinguqu zendalo zomzimba womntu. Ithambo ebantwaneni likhula ukusuka kwiindawo ezithambileyo zecartilage kufutshane neziphelo zamathambo. Amacwecwe okukhula ayindawo enkulu yokukhula kwamathambo kwaye afumaneka kuphela kubantwana nakwishumi elivisayo. Abanye basenokucinga ukuba amathambo ayinto eyomeleleyo, kodwa kufuneka akhule aze akhule nawo wonke umzimba womntwana. Kuyaziwa ukuba i-cartilage iyajika ibe lithambo lokuphuhliswa kwamathambo omzimba, kwaye oku kwenziwa ngokukhula kwamathambo ukusuka ekupheleni kwe-cartilage kunye neeplate zokukhula. Ngaloo ndlela, kunokuthiwa kumzimba womntu, i-cartilage ijika ibe yithambo njengenxalenye yenkqubo yophuhliso eqhelekileyo.

Siyigcina njani intlala?

I-1- Gwema umzamo ngokukhawuleza: Kungcono ukuphepha ukuphakamisa naluphi na ukukhanya okanye izinto ezinzima ngokukhawuleza, njengoko oku kunokukhokelela ekuqhekekeni kwemigqa kunye nezihlunu. Kungcono ukuphakamisa izinto ngokukhawuleza kwaye rhoqo ukugcina impilo edibeneyo.

I-2- Ukutshintsha indawo yomzimba: Kubalulekile ukutshintsha indawo yomzimba ngokuqhubekayo ukukhusela ukuwohloka kwe-cartilage. Ukolula, ukuqinisa kunye nokuzivocavoca umzimba kunokwenziwa ukuze kugcinwe i-cartilage enempilo kunye nokwandisa uluhlu oludibeneyo lokunyakaza.

I-3- Ukuthatha i-glucosamine: Le nto inceda ukugcina i-cartilage kunye nokuhambelana kwayo, kwaye ikhuthaza impilo edibeneyo. IGlucosamine inokufumaneka kwizongezo zesondlo ezifumaneka kwiikhemesti.

I-4- Ukuzivocavoca: Ukuzivocavoca okufanelekileyo kunceda ukuqinisa imisipha ejikeleze amalunga kunye nokuphucula ukuguquguquka kwabo. Kubalulekile ukukhetha ukuzivocavoca okufanelekileyo ngokubonisana nogqirha ukuphepha ukulimaza amalungu.

I-5- Ukugcina ubunzima obunempilo: Ubunzima obugqithisileyo bubeka uxinzelelo olugqithiseleyo kumalungu, okukhokelela ekunxibeni ngokukhawuleza kunye nokukrazula kwe-cartilage. Ukugcina ubunzima bomzimba obunempilo kunye obufanelekileyo kubalulekile ukugcina amalungu aphilileyo.

I-6- Yidla ukutya okucebileyo kwi-antioxidants kunye ne-anti-inflammatory substances: Okunye ukutya, okunjengamarharnati, kuqulethe i-antioxidants kunye ne-anti-inflammatory substances, ezinceda ekuveliseni izinto ezikhusela i-cartilage kunye nokuphucula impilo yayo.

Yondliwa njani intlala?

Isondlo seCartilage sixhomekeke kwindlela eyahlukileyo kunezinye izicubu emzimbeni. I-Cartilage ayinayo imithwalo yegazi okanye i-nerve, kwaye ngoko ayikwazi ukufumana izondlo kunye ne-oksijini ngenkqubo yokujikeleza njengoko ezinye izicubu zenza. Endaweni yoko, iiseli ze-cartilage zixhomekeke kwindlela yokusasaza ukufumana izondlo ezizidingayo.

Iiseli zeCartilage zifunxa izondlo kulwelo oluzingqongileyo. Ezi ziselo zibonelela ngezondlo kunye neoksijini kwi-cartilage ngokusebenzisa inkqubo yoxinaniso, apho i-chondrocytes ithatha izondlo kunye ne-oksijini kumanzi ajikelezileyo. Ukukwazi kwe-cartilage ukufumana izondlo ngokufanelekileyo kuxhomekeke kwi-hydration yolwelo olujikelezayo.

Ukongezelela, i-cartilage iphinda izuze kwinkqubo yokusabalalisa eyenza iiseli ze-cartilage zithuthe izondlo kunye ne-oksijini ukusuka kwiiseli ze-cartilage ezikufutshane ukuya kwiiseli ezikude kumanzi ajikelezayo. Le nkqubo ivumela amalungu angaphakathi e-cartilage ukuba afumane izondlo kunye neoksijini ebalulekileyo kwimpilo yabo kunye nokusebenza okuqhubekayo.

Ijika njani intlala ibe lithambo?

I-Cartilage yi-tissue efunyenwe kumalungu adlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuboneleleni ukuhamba kakuhle kunye nokuthintela ukungqubana kwamathambo. Abaphandi beYunivesithi yaseDuke baye bafumanisa ukuba intlala yomntu iyakwazi ukuzilungisa ngenkqubo yokuhlaziya efana naleyo yenzeke kwimizimba yesalamanders kunye ne-zebrafish.

Ekuqaleni, amathambo e-fetus akwimo ye-hyaline cartilage, emva koko ajika abe ngamathambo ngokukhula. Inkqubo yokuguqula i-cartilage ibe yithambo kwenzeka ngenkqubo ye-endochondral ossification. Le nkqubo ibandakanya ukubunjwa kwemodeli encinci ye-cartilage, kwaye ke le cartilage encinci ijika ibe yithambo.

Phakathi kwezinto ezibangela ukuguqulwa kwe-cartilage ibe yithambo kubukho bamacwecwe okukhula kwi-cartilage, esebenza njengeendawo zokuqala zokubunjwa kwamathambo. Ukuba ipleyiti yokukhula yaphukile, ukukhula kwamathambo kuyeka.

Umonakalo we-cartilage unokukhokelela ekuphazamiseni ukusebenza kwamathambo kunye nempilo. Xa i-cartilage phakathi kwamalungu yonakalisiwe, umngcipheko wokungqubuzana kwamathambo uyanda kwaye oku kunokukhokelela kwi-arthritis kunye nokubandezeleka. Ngoko ke, ukugcina i-cartilage enempilo kunye nokuphepha umonakalo kubalulekile kwimpilo edibeneyo kunye nethambo.

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